The Attorney General’s Office used the reforms to retroactively prosecute current and former officers who participated in truce negotiations from 2012 to 2014. Cases of tuberculosis among inmates elevated from ninety six in March 2016 to 1,272 in January 2018. Access to go to prisons has been restricted, but worldwide journalists allowed to enter have famous prisoners’ skeletal appearance. Designed to carry up to 11,four hundred inmates, the country’s penal establishments held greater than 38,700 in January. In September, a court sentenced former President Antonio Saca and various members of his administration to five-10 years in jail for embezzling more than US$301 million of public funds to complement themselves and bribe officers and journalists throughout his presidency ( ).
In 1970, Mélida Anaya Montes co-founded the Fuerzas Populares de Liberación , the first guerrilla group in El Salvador that would go on to form the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front . Before she adopted the pseudonym Commander Ana María and fought as second-in-command, Mélida was an educator at a trainer’s college and later organized academics’ strikes across the nation.
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The ruling adopted the legal professional basic’s arrest of 32 people in former President Mauricio Funes’ ( ) circle for allegedly embezzling $351 million through the identical mechanism. In January 2016, former President Francisco Flores ( ) died whereas he was being investigated for comparable crimes. While impunity for government abuses and corruption continue to be the norm, in recent times, El Salvador has taken some steps to deliver former officers to justice. When municipal police disappeared María Teresa Tula’s husband in 1980, the long-time activist joined the Committee of Mothers and Relatives of Prisoners, the Disappeared and the Politically Assassinated , a company based by the late Archbishop Oscar Romero, full time. Despite the risks, COMADRES would go to dumps to photograph the corpses of the disappeared. The political activist finally fled to Mexico, traveled to Europe — where she developed her feminist ideology — and returned to El Salvador in 1986, the place she was tortured and raped. In 1994, she lastly found political asylum in the United States and continued her activism with a sister group.
With campaigning about to kick off, Hernandez urged parties to guarantee all women can entry financing and to deal with abuse concentrating on female candidates, which is often personal or targeted on their appears in a way that criticism directed at men isn’t. Many other Latin American nations, similar to Colombia, Argentina and Costa Rica, have quota methods that require women to fill a certain number of candidacies or seats.
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As the Sandanista Revolution ignited in neighboring Nicaragua, the insurgent fighter moved there in 1980. Three years later, she was murdered on the streets of Managua, the Central American nation’s capital city. On January 22, 1932, the Salvadoran folks revolted against the rich in a preferred uprising that known as for sweeping labor and agrarian reforms. One of the leaders was Julia Mojica, who commanded troops in Sónzocate.
“Even though the quota is a actuality, when the time comes, fewer women are elected because we have to deconstruct the cultural norm that claims women shouldn’t become involved in these things,” Hernandez said. Schools also want to teach the next era in order that they imagine a Salvadoran woman may be president, she mentioned.
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Navarro, who grew up in a family of intellectuals, applied to the University of El Salvador in 1886. After she efficiently defended her thesis on the illusions of the harvest moon for 10 hours, Navarro was celebrated worldwide for her discovery and by the president. Despite her achievements, Navarro was restricted from practicing her career and instructing el salvadorian women at the university. Latinas in the U.S. come from a protracted line of influential, barrier-breaking, insurgent Latin American women. Through Remezcla’s Herstory collection, we introduce readers to the women warriors and pioneers whose legacies we feature on.
Her brothers didn’t wish to join the gang, so that they have been killed in retaliation. In 2016 alone, 524 women have been killed, according to the Institute of Legal Medicine, the group charged with figuring out the lifeless and determining what killed them — one in each 5,000 women. Only the our bodies which are taken to morgues are counted, not these discovered dismembered in clandestine dumping grounds. A relative with a photograph of Rosivel Elisabeth Grande, who was shot to demise on her way to work in San Salvador in 2013. Providers and people who help with the process face prison sentences of between six months and 12 years. In August 2017, the Legislative Assembly prohibited marriage under the age of 18 in all circumstances, ending an exception for pregnant girls. The UN particular rapporteur on extrajudicial killings noted a large discrepancy between costs for membership in a terrorist group and convictions for it.
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Not much is known about Mojica, but she is remembered as a hero who died in the battle for staff’ dignity and equality. In response, the National Guard, following executive orders, massacred more than 10,000 people. At the younger age of 19, Antonia Navarro Huezo grew to become the first girl to graduate from a PhD program in El Salvador and Central America in 1889.
This reporting was supported by the International Women’s Media Foundation’s Reproductive Health, Rights, and Justice in the Americas. Flor Elizabeth Rodriguez, 21, sits in certainly one of her old lecture rooms at the Centro Escolar Comunidad Milingo in Suchitoto. Rodriguez had to drop out of college when she was 14, a actuality many girls in rural communities in El Salvador grapple with. She turned pregnant at 16 by her companion, who was 25 years-old on the time. If society dismisses these patriarchal attitudes or excuses them as regular, applications by the public sector or civil society organizations geared toward changing the way women are handled will have little impact. I understood this after spending a morning at the workplace of Dr. Zulma Jennifer Méndez, who leads the H.I.V. program on the San Rafael Public Hospital right here in San Salvador.
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The remaining women, part of a bunch referred to as “Las 17,” are every presently serving 12 months sentences. We unleash the potential of girls journalists as champions of press freedom to transform the global information media.